03 January 2013

Wooden planes - Dutch names et al.

Sixth post in a series about western wooden planes

After mentioning German and French wooden planes I wanted to finish the list with the Dutch names.  Here I got the help of woodworking.nl a Dutch woodworkers forum referencing the richness of the toolemera.com archive: Album van schaven en gereedschappen, the 1900 more or less trilingual catalog from a Amsterdam merchant with four sections: Dutch,  Belgian-French, English and American planes. The American section is about the metal Stanley planes.  It is also the only part of the catalog mentionning sizes. Pro memore: the official languages in Belgium are Dutch, French and German

Dutch planes

Roffel (scrub plane  available as flat hollow round)
Voorloper (fore plane)
Rijschaaf (jointer)
Blokschaaf (smoothing plane available as flat hollow round)
Gerfschaaf (block plane (?) available as flat hollow round)
Spookschaaf (spokeshave)
Grondschaaf (router)
Boorschaaf (rabbet plane)
Overzijboorschaaf (T-head rabbet plane)
Overzijschaaf ( paired wedge-shaped side rabbet plane)

Rijschaaf is reischaaf nowadays,  both have the same pronunciation. It's also closer to reilat, a straight-ening edge for concrete or more woodwise winding sticks. The difference between a roffel and voorloper could just be the handle,  one has an open handle (toot) and the other a closed one. The roffel can be delivered with a second (front) tote. The name roffel has French roots, so riflard a French scrub plane is probably close.
Rijschaaf - Voorloper



Belgian-French planes (Dutch and French)

voorloper - demi joindresse
rijschaaf - joindresse
blokschaaf - petit rabot
tandschaaf - petit rabot à dents
boorschaaf - guillame
overzijboorschaaf - guillaume à côtés

Here the riflard - varlope found in post 5 is a demi joindresse - joindresse. Voorloper means something alike front runner in Dutch,  varlope is unrelated to anything I know in French but for the Dutch word voorloper.

English planes (Dutch and English)

roffel - jack plane
voorloper - trying plane
rijschaaf - jointer
blokschaaf - smoothing plane (coffin shaped)
tandschaaf- toothing plane (coffin shaped)
boorschaaf - rebate plane
overzijboorschaaf - rebate plane

Roffel, a scrub plane, has an open handle just as the Jack Plane,  whatever the perceived function of the later is.

The shoulder plane is missing, but as explained on the forum it can be done with a saw. To align the shoulders of a mortise and tenon joint, the joint is slightly opened and then the kerf is sawed with a light touch on both sides. This sets them to the same width and parallel without much thought and repetitive assembly-disassembly.  To access narrow places there is also the overzijboorschaaf (T-head rabbet plane) and the overzijschaaf(  paired wedge-shaped side rabbet plane).

 All together now

If I put what I have together, looking more at form than function,  I get something like:

roffel - jack plane - riflard
voorloper - try plane, fore plane - varlope, demi joindresse
reischaaf, rijschaaf - jointer - joindresse, varlope
blokschaaf - smoothing plane - (petit) rabot
boorschaaf - rebate plane - guillaume
grondschaaf - router plane -guimbarde
spookschaaf - spokeshave - wastringue

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